Pregnancy Problems: Pelvic Girdle Pain

Pregnancy Problems: Pelvic Girdle Pain

Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP) or Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction (SPD), is a common issue amongst pregnant people; usually starting around the 14th or 15th week of pregnancy. About 1 in 4 pregnant people experience PGP. Symptoms of PGP include pain in various parts of the body; but is mainly felt in the hips, groin, below the tummy, in the lower back or over the pelvis, and is particularly experienced at the front of the pubic bone. PGP usually resolves after birth as there is a decrease in load on the pelvis. If this is not the case, and it continues after birth, definitely seek medical help.

Causes of Pelvic Girdle Pain:

  • PGP is a multifactorial issue and is often caused by hormonal, biomechanical, genetic and degenerative changes, which can be either pre-existing or pregnancy-related.
  • Pregnancy hormones loosen your ligaments, leading to increased or uneven movement in your pelvis, which then causes pain.
  • As the baby grows and increases in weight, the extra pressure can change your posture, putting a strain on your lower back and pelvis.
  • Changing muscle activity or increased movement can cause your pelvic girdle joints to become misaligned, causing discomfort and pain.
  • The position of the baby can be a factor.
  • Having a history of back pain or joint issues can also increase the risk of developing PGP.

 

To help ease PGP pain at home, you can use a pregnancy support belt to support the bump and lower back. Other ways to help include sleeping with a pillow between your knees, taking regular breaks sitting upright on a cushion, doing anything that takes the weight off your back, keeping active, using heat on painful areas and floating on your back in a warm swimming pool. Additionally, homoeopathic medicines which can be taken safely during pregnancy may help. Make sure to always consult a medical professional before undergoing any treatment.

Generally, try to avoid sitting, walking or standing for long periods, as this can worsen the condition. Try not to wear high heels and opt for flat shoes that provide support. Do not partake in heavy lifting or carrying uneven loads, such as a shoulder bag or a toddler on the hips. Avoid excessive exercise and opt for more gentle exercise, such as prenatal yoga.

If symptoms persist, consider seeking osteopathy treatment. Osteopaths are trained to take a holistic approach to treat the body and will focus on improving mobility in the spine, hips, and lower limbs to target pain in the pelvis. Osteopaths can identify these issues and offer gentle treatment techniques, exercises and stretches to do at home, and also advice on how to help ease the pain.

Here at OsteoVision, we pride ourselves on championing women’s health. Our highly trained osteopaths and specialists are able to treat Pelvic Girdle Pain with a specific and unique treatment plan for each of our patients. Contact us to discuss your symptoms, and a member of our team will assist you.

Call:     03303  904 300
Email:  info@osteovision.life
You can also book an appointment online at www.osteovision.life

Bibliography:

NHS Choices – NHS, (no date). Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/pregnancy/related-conditions/common-symptoms/pelvicpain/#:~:text=Some%20women%20may%20develop%20pelvic,or%20front%20of%20your%20pelvis

Pelvic Girdle Pain in Pregnancy, (no date). HSE.ie. Available at: https://www2.hse.ie/conditions/pelvic-girdle-pain-pregnancy/#:~:text=Pelvic%20girdle%20pain%20(PGP)%20is,4%20pregnant%20women%20experience%20PGP.&text=It%20can%20vary%20from%20mild,be%20different%20for%20each%20woman

Pelvic Girdle Pain and Pregnancy, (no date). RCOG. Available at: https://www.rcog.org.uk/for-the-public/browse-all-patient-information-leaflets/pelvic-girdle-pain-and-pregnancy/

Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment for Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain During and After Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, (2017 Oct;21(4) 752-762. doi:10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.05.014). Ranke H, Franke JD, Belz S, Fryer G. J Bodyw Mov Ther.

Risk Factors for Pregnancy-Related Pelvic Girdle Pain: A Scoping Review – BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, BioMed Central. BioMed Central, (2020). Wuytack, F., Begley, C. and Daly, D.
Available at: https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12884-020-03442-5#:~:text=Women%20commonly%20experience%20pelvic%20girdle,5%2C6%2C7%5D